The 74 years of military occupation in Jammu and Kashmir is considered as longest occupation in modern history, with almost 700,000 armed forces deployed in UN recognised Disputed Territory. Political and Legal Scholars believe that post August 5th, 2019 unilateral annexation of Indian occupied Jammu & Kashmir (hereafter referred as IOJK) has changed the status of region from colonialism to setter colonialism. The planned lawfare operation executed by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government in 2019 has posed a serious threat to the civilian population, with at least forty (40) constitutional and administrative amendments altering the demographic status of IOJK. Surveillance, detentions, and the politics of fear—a tripartite strangulation model shaped the security theology of Indian state to control Kashmir. The rise in atrocity crime against civilian population and the recent genocide alert by UN genocide watch is alarming the global powers to stop human carnage in IOJK. This paper attempts to define the role of Human Rights watchdog amid escalated state violence against civilian population. Moreover, the paper discusses the Surveillance, detentions, and the politics of fear and the settler colonial project in IOJK.